Sex reassignment surgery or SRS is also known as gender reassignment surgery, genital reconstruction surgery, gender reaffirming surgery or gender confirmation surgery. It is a procedure by which a trans gender’s physical appearance is altered. The functions of their existing sexual characteristics are also altered so that they can identify with their identified gender.
People who undergo this surgery are called transsexual. Genital surgeries can be performed on the individual who wishes to pursue sex reassignment surgery/SRS.
The surgery is a part of the treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people in which a person experiences distress due to a mismatch in their biological sex and their gender identity. It is also sometimes stated as gender identity disorder, transgenderism or gender incongruence.
Scope of the Sex reassignment surgery procedure
The best known of these surgeries are those that reshape the genitals and are also known as genital reassignment surgery, genital reconstruction surgery or bottom surgery.
Trans women surgical options include breast implants, removal of testicles, removal of penis, creation of vagina, creation of clitoris, creation of labia, facial feminization surgery and trachea shaving.
Trans men surgical options include breast removal, womb removal, removal of the ovaries, removal of vagina, construction of phallus and creation of scrotum.
Gender reassignment works by changing genital organs from one sex to another depending on the requirement.
Converting a person from a male to a female requires removal of the penis and the reshaping of the genital tissue to appear more female to create a vagina. Female hormones are then be given to reshape the body and stimulate the growth of breasts.
Female to male surgery involves the creation of a functioning penis from smaller clitoral tissue and breasts are removed.
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